Guidelines for Authors


Manuscripts should be in a concise form and typewritten in double space on one side of A4 paper, with 2.54 cm margin, 12 point Time Roman using Microsoft word and not exceeding 12 journal pages. It should have the following subheadings: Title, Abstract, Introduction, Materials and methods (Methodology), Results, Discussion (or Results and Discussion), Conclusion, Acknowledgement (if necessary) and References.

Short Communication should follow the same style as normal manuscripts, but due to limited experimentation there should not exceed 6 journal pages.

Review Articles should be incisive, analytical and have a provocative edge to stimulate discussion and chart the way forward for agriculture in Botswana and the region. Current and global hot topics with relevance to agriculture productivity and farmer’s livelihood in Botswana and the region are encouraged. This should be about 10 journal pages


Citation in the text should be in the format:

Sakia and Tibe (2004) demonstrated that Boran cattle are trypanotolerant.

Boran and N’dama cattle are resistant to trypanosome infection (Sakia and Tibe, 2004; Nelson et al. 2004), where there are more than two authors.

In the reference list, surnames of first authors must be written in alphabetical order. Titles of journals must be given in full and italicized. The following standard forms of citation should be used:


Batisani N., Tibe M. and Abraham, V. (2004). Seed treatment for enhancing germination of wild okra (Corchorus olitorius). Experimental Agriculture 39(2): 441–447.


Kamau J.M. (2002). Anatomy and physiology of ostriches. 6th Edition McGraw-Hill Book Company, 650 pp.

Chapters in a book

Epstein E. (1993). Crops tolerant to salinity and other mineral stresses. In: K.E. Tano (Ed), Better Crops for Food. Oxford University Press. Pp 61-82.

If accessed on the internet

Friedland B. (2009). A minimum income standard for Yorkshire: what people think. Available at: (Accessed: 19 June 2015).

Conference/Workshop proceedings

Blakey N., Guinea S. and Saghafi, F. (2017). Transforming undergraduate nursing curriculum by aligning models of clinical reasoning through simulation. In: R. Walker and S. Bedford (Eds.), HERDSA 2017 Conference: Research and Development in Higher Education: Curriculum Transformation (pp. 25-37). Hammondville, NSW: Higher Education Research and Development Society of Australasia. Vol. 40-25

Citation of unpublished work and personal communications are discouraged unless proven necessary.

It is understood that submitting an article to BOJAAS means that it is not concurrently being considered by another journal elsewhere.

Manuscript inclusive of illustrations and tables should be submitted using online submission at:

Queries should be addressed to:       Editor-in-Chief, Botswana University of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Private Bag 0027, Gaborone, Botswana. Email: